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148 posts in Publications

Estuaries function better with natural patterns of water flow and suspended organic matter

A new study looks at clams and mussels in five estuaries in Puget Sound, and finds that alterations to river flow, landscape connectivity among adjacent habitat types, or the type and supply of suspended organic matter (detritus), can disrupt food webs at the scale of entire landscapes. Clams and mussels, which cannot move to track food sources, are particularly affected by climate variability, levee systems, water diversion from estuaries, and dwindling availability of detritus due to loss of tidal marsh wetlands. 

Fisheries can alter the timing of spawning and migration in fish

Fishing can substantially alter when fish migrate and when they breed, says a new review in Fish and Fisheries by SAFS student Michael Tillotson and faculty member Thomas Quinn. For example, fishing closures may increase fishing on late breeders, resulting in a greater proportion of early breeders in the population. Such changes can exacerbate the effects of climate-driven changes in the timing of migration and breeding. 

Conservation challenges of predator recovery

A new article, titled “Conservation challenges of predator recovery”, has been accepted for publication into Conservation Letters: A journal for the Society for Conservation Biology.  This article is a result of the collaboration of SAFS post-doc Kristin Marshall, SMEA Professor Ryan Kelly, NOAA scientist and SAFS affiliate faculty Eric Ward, and NOAA scientists Jameal Samhouri and Adrian Stier.
Abstract
Predators are critical components of ecosystems. 

Oceanography and life history predict contrasting genetic population structure in two Antarctic fish species.

Oceanography and life history predict contrasting genetic population structure in two Antarctic fish species.
Evol Appl. 2015 Jun;8(5):486-509
Authors: Young EF, Belchier M, Hauser L, Horsburgh GJ, Meredith MP, Murphy EJ, Pascoal S, Rock J, Tysklind N, Carvalho GR
Abstract
Understanding the key drivers of population connectivity in the marine environment is essential for the effective management of natural resources. Although several different approaches to evaluating connectivity have been used, they are rarely integrated quantitatively. 

Practical science communication strategies for graduate students.

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Practical science communication strategies for graduate students.
Conserv Biol. 2014 Oct;28(5):1225-35
Authors: Kuehne LM, Twardochleb LA, Fritschie KJ, Mims MC, Lawrence DJ, Gibson PP, Stewart-Koster B, Olden JD
Abstract
Development of skills in science communication is a well-acknowledged gap in graduate training, but the constraints that accompany research (limited time, resources, and knowledge of opportunities) make it challenging to acquire these proficiencies. 

A global database of lake surface temperatures collected by in situ and satellite methods from 1985-2009.

A global database of lake surface temperatures collected by in situ and satellite methods from 1985-2009.
Sci Data. 2015;2:150008
Authors: Sharma S, Gray DK, Read JS, O’Reilly CM, Schneider P, Qudrat A, Gries C, Stefanoff S, Hampton SE, Hook S, Lenters JD, Livingstone DM, McIntyre PB, Adrian R, Allan MG, Anneville O, Arvola L, Austin J, Bailey J, Baron JS, Brookes J, Chen Y, Daly R, Dokulil M, Dong B, Ewing K, de Eyto E, Hamilton D, Havens K, Haydon S, Hetzenauer H, Heneberry J, Hetherington AL, Higgins SN, Hixson E, Izmest’eva LR, Jones BM, Kangur K, Kasprzak P, Köster O, Kraemer BM, Kumagai M, Kuusisto E, Leshkevich G, May L, MacIntyre S, Müller-Navarra D, Naumenko M, Noges P, Noges T, Niederhauser P, North RP, Paterson AM, Plisnier PD, Rigosi A, Rimmer A, Rogora M, Rudstam L, Rusak JA, Salmaso N, Samal NR, Schindler DE, Schladow G, Schmidt SR, Schultz T, Silow EA, Straile D, Teubner K, Verburg P, Voutilainen A, Watkinson A, Weyhenmeyer GA, Williamson CE, Woo KH
Abstract
Global environmental change has influenced lake surface temperatures, a key driver of ecosystem structure and function. 

A global database of lake surface temperatures collected by in situ and satellite methods from 1985-2009.

A global database of lake surface temperatures collected by in situ and satellite methods from 1985-2009.
Sci Data. 2015;2:150008
Authors: Sharma S, Gray DK, Read JS, O’Reilly CM, Schneider P, Qudrat A, Gries C, Stefanoff S, Hampton SE, Hook S, Lenters JD, Livingstone DM, McIntyre PB, Adrian R, Allan MG, Anneville O, Arvola L, Austin J, Bailey J, Baron JS, Brookes J, Chen Y, Daly R, Dokulil M, Dong B, Ewing K, de Eyto E, Hamilton D, Havens K, Haydon S, Hetzenauer H, Heneberry J, Hetherington AL, Higgins SN, Hixson E, Izmest’eva LR, Jones BM, Kangur K, Kasprzak P, Köster O, Kraemer BM, Kumagai M, Kuusisto E, Leshkevich G, May L, MacIntyre S, Müller-Navarra D, Naumenko M, Noges P, Noges T, Niederhauser P, North RP, Paterson AM, Plisnier PD, Rigosi A, Rimmer A, Rogora M, Rudstam L, Rusak JA, Salmaso N, Samal NR, Schindler DE, Schladow G, Schmidt SR, Schultz T, Silow EA, Straile D, Teubner K, Verburg P, Voutilainen A, Watkinson A, Weyhenmeyer GA, Williamson CE, Woo KH
Abstract
Global environmental change has influenced lake surface temperatures, a key driver of ecosystem structure and function. 

Evolutionary rescue in a changing world.

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Evolutionary rescue in a changing world.
Trends Ecol Evol. 2014 Sep;29(9):521-30
Authors: Carlson SM, Cunningham CJ, Westley PA
Abstract
Evolutionary rescue occurs when adaptive evolutionary change restores positive growth to declining populations and prevents extinction. Here we outline the diagnostic features of evolutionary rescue and distinguish this phenomenon from demographic and genetic rescue. We then synthesize the rapidly accumulating theoretical and experimental studies of evolutionary rescue, highlighting the demographic, genetic, and extrinsic factors that affect the probability of rescue. 

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