Phenotype flexibility in wild fish: Dolly Varden regulate assimilative capacity to capitalize on annual pulsed subsidies.
J Anim Ecol. 2013 Sep;82(5):966-75
Authors: Armstrong JB, Bond MH
1. Large digestive organs increase rates of energy gain when food is plentiful but are costly to maintain and increase rates of energy loss when food is scarce. The physiological adaptations to this trade-off differ depending on the scale and predictability of variation in food abundance.
Incentivizing the Public to Support Invasive Species Management: Eurasian Milfoil Reduces Lakefront Property Values.
PLoS One. 2014;9(10):e110458
Authors: Olden JD, Tamayo M
Economic evaluations of invasive species are essential for providing comprehensive assessments of the benefits and costs of publicly-funded management activities, yet many previous investigations have focused narrowly on expenditures to control spread and infestation. We use hedonic modeling to evaluate the economic effects of Eurasian milfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum) invasions on lakefront property values of single-family homes in an urban-suburban landscape.
Spatial Segregation in Eastern North Pacific Skate Assemblages.
PLoS One. 2014;9(10):e109907
Authors: Bizzarro JJ, Broms KM, Logsdon MG, Ebert DA, Yoklavich MM, Kuhnz LA, Summers AP
Skates (Rajiformes: Rajoidei) are common mesopredators in marine benthic communities. The spatial associations of individual species and the structure of assemblages are of considerable importance for effective monitoring and management of exploited skate populations.
Olden, Julian D, & Tamayo, Mariana (2014) Incentivizing the Public to Support Invasive Species Management: Eurasian Milfoil Reduces Lakefront Property Values. PLoS ONE 9(10): e110458. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0110458
Abstract. Economic evaluations of invasive species are essential for providing comprehensive assessments of the benefits and costs of publicly-funded management activities, yet many previous investigations have focused narrowly on expenditures to control spread and infestation.
Signals of heterogeneous selection at an MHC locus in geographically proximate ecotypes of sockeye salmon.
Mol Ecol. 2014 Oct 5;
Authors: Larson WA, Seeb JE, Dann TH, Schindler DE, Seeb LW
The genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) are an important component of the vertebrate immune system and can provide insights into the role of pathogen-mediated selection in wild populations.
Growth and survival of pacific coho salmon smolts exposed as juveniles to pesticides within urban streams in western Washington, USA.
Environ Toxicol Chem. 2014 Jul;33(7):1596-606
Authors: King KA, Grue CE, Grassley JM, Fisk RJ, Conquest LL
Pesticides are frequently detected in urban streams, with concentrations often exceeding those reported in surface waters within agricultural areas. The authors studied growth, survival, and return rates of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) smolts exposed to a pesticide mixture (“cocktail”) representative of the pesticides most frequently reported within urban streams in western Washington State, USA, in fall through early spring.
Latitudinal and photic effects on diel foraging and predation risk in freshwater pelagic ecosystems.
J Anim Ecol. 2014 Sep 29;
Authors: Hansen AG, Beauchamp DA
1. Clark & Levy (1988) described an antipredation window for smaller planktivorous fish during crepuscular periods when light permits feeding on zooplankton, but limits visual detection by piscivores. Yet, how the window is influenced by the interaction between light regime, turbidity and cloud cover over a broad latitudinal gradient remains unexplored.
Can intense predation by bears exert a depensatory effect on recruitment in a Pacific salmon population?
Oecologia. 2014 Aug 26;
Authors: Quinn TP, Cunningham CJ, Randall J, Hilborn R
It has long been recognized that, as populations increase in density, ecological processes affecting growth and survival reduce per capita recruitment in the next generation. In contrast to the evidence for such “compensatory” density dependence, the alternative “depensatory” process (reduced per capita recruitment at low density) has proven more difficult to demonstrate in the field.
Resource competition induces heterogeneity and can increase cohort survivorship: selection-event duration matters.
Oecologia. 2013 Dec;173(4):1321-31
Authors: Gosselin JL, Anderson JJ
Determining when resource competition increases survivorship can reveal processes underlying population dynamics and reinforce the importance of heterogeneity among individuals in conservation. We ran an experiment mimicking the effects of competition in a growing season on survivorship during a selection event (e.g., overwinter starvation, drought).