Species- and community-level responses combine to drive phenology of lake phytoplankton.
Ecology. 2013 Oct;94(10):2188-94
Authors: Walters AW, González Sagrario Mde L, Schindler DE
Global change is leading to shifts in the seasonal timing of growth and maturation for primary producers. Remote sensing is increasingly used to measure the timing of primary production in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, but there is often a poor correlation between these results and direct observations of life-history responses of individual species.
Proposed changes to the nomenclature of Ichthyophonus sp. life stages and structures.
J Parasitol. 2013 Oct;99(5):906-9
Authors: Kocan RM
Much of the terminology describing Ichthyophonus sp. life stages and structures can be traced to the mistaken classification of this organism as a fungus. This misidentification led early investigators to use mycological terms for the structures they observed; while some terminology is not so easily explained, it appears to have been co-opted from the fields of botany and bacteriology.
Isotopic evidence and consequences of the role of microbes in macroalgae detritus-based food webs
Elizabeth A. Sosik, Charles A. Simenstad
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
Vol. 494: 107–119, 2013
Deep subtidal coastal food webs are increasingly a focus among coastal researchers, largely due to the reliance of these systems on subsidies of organic detritus donated from allochthonous sources.
Predominant intragenic methylation is associated with gene expression characteristics in a bivalve mollusc.
Authors: Gavery MR, Roberts SB
Characterization of DNA methylation patterns in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, indicates that this epigenetic mechanism plays an important functional role in gene regulation and may be involved in the regulation of developmental processes and environmental responses. However, previous studies have been limited to in silico analyses or characterization of DNA methylation at the single gene level.
Diel horizontal migration in streams: juvenile fish exploit spatial heterogeneity in thermal and trophic resources.
Ecology. 2013 Sep;94(9):2066-75
Authors: Armstrong JB, Schindler DE, Ruff CP, Brooks GT, Bentley KE, Torgersen CE
Vertical heterogeneity in the physical characteristics of lakes and oceans is ecologically salient and exploited by a wide range of taxa through diel vertical migration to enhance their growth and survival.
Size selectivity of predation by brown bears depends on the density of their sockeye salmon prey.
Am Nat. 2013 May;181(5):663-73
Authors: Cunningham CJ, Ruggerone GT, Quinn TP
Can variation in prey density drive changes in the intensity or direction of selective predation in natural systems? Despite ample evidence of density-dependent selection, the influence of prey density on predatory selection patterns has seldom been investigated empirically.
Methods for estimating spatial trends in Steller sea lion pup production using the Kalman filter.
Ecol Appl. 2013 Sep;23(6):1455-74
Authors: Fay G, Punt AE
Many species exhibit spatially varying trends in population size and status, often driven by differences among factors affecting individual subpopulations. Estimation and differentiation of such trends may be important for management, and a driving force for monitoring programs.
Secondary contact and changes in coastal habitat availability influence the nonequilibrium population structure of a salmonid (Oncorhynchus keta).
Mol Ecol. 2013 Oct 1;
Authors: Petrou EL, Hauser L, Waples RS, Seeb JE, Templin WD, Gomez-Uchida D, Seeb LW
Numerous empirical studies have reported lack of migration-drift equilibrium in wild populations. Determining the causes of nonequilibrium population structure is challenging because different evolutionary processes acting at a variety of spatiotemporal scales can produce similar patterns.
Brain Acetylcholinesterase Activity in Shiner Perch (Cymatogaster aggregata) and Juvenile Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) After Application of Carbaryl to Control Burrowing Shrimp Within Willapa Bay, Washington.
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2013 Sep 17;
Authors: Troiano AT, King KA, Grue CE, Grassley JM, Ekblad CJ
Carbaryl has been applied in Willapa Bay, Washington, for five decades to control burrowing shrimp (Neotrypaea californiensis and Upogebia pugettensis) on commercial oyster (Crassostrea gigas) beds.
Relationship between effective population size, inbreeding and adult fitness-related traits in a steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) population released in the wild.
Mol Ecol. 2013 Mar;22(5):1295-309
Authors: Naish KA, Seamons TR, Dauer MB, Hauser L, Quinn TP
Inbreeding is of concern in supportive breeding programmes in Pacific salmonids, Oncorhynchus spp, where the number of breeding adults is limited by rearing space or poor survival to adulthood, and large numbers are released to supplement wild stocks and fisheries.